The function of a database is the storage of information and all the content it has can define everything about a system. This information is stored to prevent it from being needed in a future occasion, and it is easy to access, use and understand, but for this, the database needs to be managed, this administration helps to manage this information in a timely manner. ordered to be used in the future to generate reports on changes and trends in the information within the database.
On the internet, we can find different types of reviews about databases and the different technological updates that may have, but we must take into account that all databases are different, each of them can show specific characteristics that can be considered as the pro or against. We must always take into account that when choosing the perfect database we should investigate a little about it, and not just fall at random.
When choosing the right database, what should we look for?
The main mission of a management system such as a database is mainly to allow users to edit, create and access internal data, but the characteristics of each database may vary depending on the functions it performs and the support used to produce all those functions. That is, all the databases can present the same functions with some different particularities, but we must also take into account how our product is integrated into this system.
Can we classify the databases?
Yes, really yes. The databases can be classified into a relational database (SQL), and a non-relational database (NoSQL).
The relational database are the databases that we can consider ‘old’, this type of bases are stored in tabular form, that is, in a sheet where a row and column correspond, while the databases are not related, they are much more modern databases, and they do not store data in tabular mode, they depend on the type of database to know how they are going to be stored. Knowing then that we have these two classifications, we must know that the differences between one and the other is the speed, scale, and complexity that a database can have.
For a SQL or relational database to be effective, the data must be stored in an organized manner within the tabular system, which leads to rigidity, which makes this type of database easy to understand and highly compatible.
Then we can say that among the advantages that we can find in the relational database is that it can be used for the management of very structured data since they can provide support in each ACID transaction. The storage and retrieval of data are usually quite fast, another advantage is that different users can enter and modify files.
In contrast, NoSQL or non-relational databases have a direct approach to documents such as text, images, social network data, videos, among others, in order to manage a database.
Among the strengths or advantages of presenting non-relational broadband is that the type of documents they handle are usually very flexible, they have an ability to handle semi-structured or unstructured data. And the weakness of this type of broadband is that this type of system completely ignores compliance with ACID for flexibility.
As both classifications have different ways of processing, we must take into account the functionality of each of the databases. For example, the database relationships are perfect for heavy transactional applications, as they are stable bases that ensure the care and integrity of the data. The non-relational database, although it also has a scope for transactional applications, is usually quite unstable and with a high level of limitation, which makes it unsuitable to be used in complex transactional applications.
To help you select which database to use for your business, we have several options for you below:
- Oracle 12c, still located at the top among different databases (and the most popular), this tool was created in the last century and still becomes one of the favorites for its famous editing tools. In its latest version, it was possible to observe how there was a design change, adding that it can now be used for the cloud, thus becoming a service that can serve as a hosting, while allowing the administration of its own database. In addition, the security presented by the latest versions allows each transaction to be isolated from one another.
- MySQL is free but thanks to the fact that it frequently presents features and security improvements, it is usually updated next. Its interface is usually fast and easy to use.
- Microsoft SQL Server, this type of database is adapted to the system based on the cloud and local servers.
- PostgreSQL is very recognized for being a database that can be highly extensible, whose processes are usually personalized.
- TokuDB, famous for being functional when compressing data.
- MongoDB, a type of database that is designed for structured or unstructured data. The speed makes it one of the best options, apart from having different functions where one of them is having the ability to connect to the database of applications through controllers.
- MariaDB, with a free database management system, is one of the favorites for having great performance.
- DB2, it comes as a database engine with non-relational capabilities, and it has the ability to read files such as JSON and XML, it can be used to work with Windows, Linux, and Unix.
- SAP HANA, is a database engine that can handle a database with relationships or non-relational capabilities. This engine is specifically designed to store and retrieve data from different sources at all storage levels.
Each database has a characteristic that defines it and makes it unique, some databases work in conjunction with other databases, and even some databases can have hosting or cloud hosting functions to comply with a storage tool.