Hosting

What Are DNS, DHCP, CPanel, Bandwith, Ftp…

The web hosting is that magical world where we can place a web page in a system, and we will provide maintenance services so that our website is always available, but to do so, you must meet certain conditions or at least try.

Sometimes when using a storage provider for our website, we must comply with the domain DNS change requirement, and we really do not know how to do it or what a DNS is.

What is DNS?

The DNS, whose figures mean Domain Name System, point to the domain of the corresponding server, that is, the real address of our website, whose characteristics comply with a numerical denomination to which we can call IP.

The DNS helps us to help users who want to enter our website so they can type a domain without having to place the IP address of our website numerically. That is, if our website is www.tupaginaweb.com, this name must correspond to an IP that can be 86.145.34.365, but for the user, it is more complicated to learn the numerical address of the web page compared with learning the name. In this way, when a user wishes to enter, placing the name or domain of your web page, the browser will consult the name and IP address of the web page, to see if they match and thus address you to the web page.

To change such important information as the DNS of your page, there are many sites or web hosting that offer the service to register your domain and configure the DNS.

What is DHCP?

Which numbers mean Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, is a network protocol that is used by a client or server which helps in assigning an IP address dynamically or with different network configuration parameters to each device for communication with other IP networks, assigning an IP network to each client or service, while the IP addresses begin to be free, this assignment occurs. That is, a dynamic IP address is one that changes every so often in a client or service that owns a web page, it can be said that it occurs in the form of rotation. When an IP address is free, it is assigned to another client and so on.

Many times when manually placing an IP address, there are errors in it and we have to go to a system that supervises and distributes the necessary IP addresses in a centralized manner, and that is in charge of assigning and sending new IPs in the case the device needs it. This DHCP protocol must include different methods to be able to comply with the assignment of IP addresses:

The first one that we find in the Manual or Static Assignment, which is an IP address of a certain machine. This configuration allows each client to have their own IP address and prevents unidentified clients from entering and connecting to our website.

The following is an automatic assignment, which works when the number of clients that can enter our website does not exist or vary.

And therefore, the dynamic allocation that reuses the IP addresses, which works with a controllable time interval.

What is CPanel?

It is nothing more than an automation tool with a graphical interface that serves as a control panel for a web hosting, the CPanel is used for the simplification of storage processes in a website, and is mainly used by Linux.

CPanel works using a structure that allows placing the client as administrator, end users, and resellers of space, which can manage the administration from any browser, in order to manage various factors of the servers and services that must be delivered to clients external to the system.

For the user of web hosting, is that the interface with which the CPanel is handled is easy to use, producing that can be managed more easily and quickly the hosting services, even without having a suitable technical profile for its management.

Among the main functions of CPanel, we can find file management, domain configuration, email account management, such as the creation and maintenance of self-managed email accounts, database management and resource management such as space on the disk, and the consumption of monthly bandwidth, among others.

What is Bandwith?

It is no more than the maximum rate of data transfer through a route used for signal processing, wireless communications, digital and electronic communications, and modern data transmission.

The term can be used as a Net Bit Rate, which defines a maximum performance capacity of a physical or logical communication path in a communication system. For this, they must measure the maximum performance of a network and the speed with which it is carried out between each link or communication systems.

It should be taken into account that in a web hosting, broadband works in such a way that the transferred data is counted monthly. Then they are called as the maximum amount of data transfer every month or period, to take into account the capacity of the transfer of files site through routes and communications in a whole month or period.

What is FTP?

According to its acronym, File Transfer Protocol, FTP serves as a protocol for transferring files between two types of computers, the first, a computer that acts as a server and the other computer that acts as a client, in order to produce essential functions such as transfer power. easily all kinds of files to the hosting to host your website.

So, the FTP function is to allow the exchange of data between different servers and/or computers. It is usually used to exchange information from special equipment to a computer or personal computer.

FTP servers have functionality in web hosting frequently, since customers often use the services to manage web pages along with their files. The functioning of our web pages within a server, such as quality web hosting, guarantees that all the functions necessary to carry out this work are carried out successfully, and sometimes even that we ourselves have a leading role in our work.

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